2. Normative References

The following standards contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this American National Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below.

The terms and accompanying definitions contained in this standard are drawn from authoritative sources listed in full in the References section below. Major sources of these definitions were

  • Federal Standard 1037C, Glossary of Telecommunication Terms, 1996.
  • ANSI X.172, American National Standard Dictionary of Information Technology, 1996, and
  • Code of Federal Regulations,Sec. 47, National Archives and Records Administration, <http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/>
  • T1-523-2001, Telecom Glossary 2000.

The editors of this standard have rewritten many definitions as necessary either to reflect technology advances or to make definitions phrased in specialized terminology more understandable to a broader audience.

2.1 ATIS References List

List of ATIS Standards and Reports cited in this glossary:

Note: The ATIS-cited terms defined herein are as used in the standards developed by ATIS. The same terms may be used in a different context with a different meaning.

2.1.1 ATIS Standards

Note: Standard/Report Number, Title of the ATIS Standard (“R” = reaffirmed)

  • ATIS-0100312.1991(R2006) — Voice Packetization-Packetized Voice Protocol
  • ATIS-0100503.2002(R2006) — Network Performance Parameters for Dedicated Digital Services-Definitions and Measurements
  • ATIS-0100507.2002(R2006) — Network Performance Parameters for Circuit-Switched Digital Services-Definitions and Measurements
  • ATIS-0100508.2003(R2008) — Loss Plan for Digital Networks
  • ATIS-0100509.1995(R2008) — Packetized Circuit Multiplication Equipment-Interface Specification
  • ATIS-0100514.2009 — Network Performance Parameters and Objectives for Dedicated Digital Services-SONET Bit Rates
  • ATIS-0100801.02.1996(R2006) — Digital Transport of Video Teleconferencing/Video Telephony Signals-Performance Terms, Definitions, and Examples
  • ATIS-0100801.04.2005(R2010) — Multimedia Communications Delay, Synchronization, and Frame Rate
  • ATIS-0300204.2008 — Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Lower-Layer Protocols for Interfaces between Operations Systems and Network Elements
  • ATIS-0300206.2001(R2005) — Digital Exchanges and PBXs-Digital Circuit Loopback Test Line with NxDSO Capability
  • ATIS-0300207.2000(R2010) — Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Terminating Test Line Access and Capabilities
  • ATIS-0300209.2003(R2007) — Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Network Tones and Announcements
  • ATIS-0300210.2009 — OAM&P – Principles of Functions, Architectures, and Protocol for Telecommunications Management Network (TMN) Interfaces and enhanced Telecom Operations Map (eTOM)
  • ATIS-0300213.2006 — Coded Identification of Equipment Entities of the North American Telecommunications System for Information Exchange
  • ATIS-0300216.1998(R2007) — Signalling System Number 7 (SS7)-Operations, Maintenance and Administration Part (OAM&P)
  • ATIS-0300217.1991(R2007) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Management-Primary Rate Physical Layer
  • ATIS-0300215.1999(R2010) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Management-Data-Link and Network Layers
  • ATIS-0300223.2009 — Structure and Representation of Network Channel (NC) and Network Channel Interface (NCI) Codes for Information Exchange
  • ATIS-0300226.2001(R2005) — Operations, Administration, Maintenance and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Management of Functions for Signalling System No. 7 (SS7) Network Interconnections
  • ATIS-0300230.2010 — Telecommunications Credit Card and Billed Number Screening Validation Message Component
  • ATIS-0300231.2003(R2007) — Digital Hierarchy-Layer 1 In-Service Digital Transmission Performance Monitoring
  • ATIS-0300232.2006 — Human – To – Machine Interface Specification for Telecommunications Management
  • ATIS-0300234.2000(R2010) — Signalling System Number 7 (SS7)-MTP Levels 2 and 3 Compatibility Testing
  • ATIS-0300235.2000(R2010) — Signalling System Number 7 (SS7)-SCCP Class 0 Compatibility Testing
  • ATIS-0300236.2005– Signalling System Number 7 (SS7)-ISDN User Part Compatibility Testing
  • ATIS-0300245.1997(R2008)– Directory Service for Telecommunications Management Network (TMN) and Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)
  • ATIS-0300250.1996(R2005)– Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Extension to Generic Network Information Model for Interfaces Between Operations Systems and Network Elements to Support Configuration Management-Analog and Narrowband ISDN Customer Service Provisioning
  • ATIS-0300251.2007 —Codes for Identification of Service Providers for Information Exchange
  • ATIS-0300253.2005 —Identification of Location Entities for Information Exchange
  • ATIS-0300255.2008 — In-Service, Non-Intrusive Measurement Device (INMD)-Methodology for Applying INMD Measurements to Customer Opinion Models
  • ATIS-0300263.2007 — Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P)-Model for Interfaces Across Jurisdictional Boundaries to Support Service-Level Connection Management
  • ATIS-0600308.2008– Central Office Equipment-Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Requirements
  • ATIS-0600313.2008 — Electrical Protection for Telecommunications Central Offices and Similar Type Facilities
  • ATIS-0600316.2008 — Electrical Protection of Telecommunications Outside Plant
  • ATIS-0600317.1993(R2008) — Uniform Language for Accessing Power Plants-Human-Machine Language
  • ATIS-0600318.2010 — Electrical Protection Applied to Telecommunications Network Plant at Entrances to Customer Structures or Buildings
  • ATIS-0600320.2010 — Above-Baseline Electrical Protection for Designated Telecommunications Central Offices and Similar-Type Facilities against High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP)
  • ATIS-0600321.2010 — Electrical Protection for Network Operator-Type Equipment Positions
  • ATIS-0600328.2007 — Protection of Telecommunications Links from Physical Stress and Radiation Effects and Associated Requirements for DC Power Systems (A Baseline Standard)
  • ATIS-0600329.2008 — Network Equipment-Earthquake Resistance
  • ATIS-0600330.2008 — Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries Used in the Telecommunications Environment
  • ATIS-0600401.03.1998(R2010)– Network-to-Customer Installation Interfaces-Analog Voicegrade Switched Access Lines with Calling Number Delivery, Calling Name Delivery or Visual Message-Waiting Indicator Features
  • ATIS-0600403.01.1999(R2010) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Primary Rate-Customer Installation Metallic Interfaces Layer 1 Specification
  • ATIS-0600407.2002(R2006) — Network to Customer Installation Interfaces-Analog Voicegrade Special Access Lines Using Customer-Installation-Provided Loop-Start Supervision
  • ATIS-0600409.2002(R2006)– Network to Customer Installation Interfaces-Analog Voicegrade Special Access Lines Using E&M Signaling
  • ATIS-0600414.1998(R2007) — Network to Customer Interfaces-Enhanced 911 Analog Voicegrade PSAP Access Using Loop Reverse-Battery Signaling
  • ATIS-0600601.1999(R2009) — Integrated Services Digital Network-Basic Access Interface for Use on Metallic Loops for Application on the Network Side of the NT (Layer 1 Specification)
  • ATIS-0700708.1998(R2008) — PCS 1900 Service Provider Number Portability
  • ATIS-0700711.1999(R2009) — Number Portability for PCS 1900 Short Message Service and Other Services
  • ATIS-0900101.2006 — Synchronization Interface Standard
  • ATIS-0900105.03.2003(R2008) — Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)-Jitter at Network Interfaces
  • ATIS-0900105.09.1996(R2008) — Synchronized Optical Network (SONET) Network Element Timing and Synchronization
  • ATIS-1000104.1991(R2008) — Exchange-Interexchange Carrier Interfaces-Individual Channel Signaling Protocols
  • ATIS-1000110.1999(R2010) — Signalling System No. 7 (SS7)-General Information
  • ATIS-1000118.1992(R2010) — Signalling System No. 7 (SS7)-Intermediate Signalling Network Identification (ISNI)
  • ATIS-1000615.1992(R2009) — Digital Subscriber Signalling System No. 1 (DSS1)-Layer 3 Overview
  • ATIS-1000620.1991(R2007)– Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)-Circuit-Mode Bearer Service Category Description
  • ATIS-1000625.1993(R2008) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)-Calling Line Identification Presentation and Restriction Supplementary Services
  • ATIS-1000627.1993(R2009) — Broadband ISDN-ATM Layer Functionality and Specification
  • ATIS-1000628.2000(R2010) —Emergency Calling Service
  • ATIS-1000630.1999(R2010) — Broadband ISDN-ATM Adaptation Layer for Constant Bit Rate Services Functionality and Specification
  • ATIS-1000640.2001(R2006)– Broadband ISDN Network Node Interfaces and Inter-Network Interfaces-Rates and Formats Specifications
  • ATIS-1000646.2003 —Network and Customer Installation Interfaces – Broadband ISDN: Common Criteria
  • ATIS-1000647.1995(R2010) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)-Conference Calling Supplementary Service
  • ATIS-1000653.1996(R2010) — Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)-Call Park Supplementary Service
  • ATIS-1000661.2000(R2010) — Signalling System Number 7 (SS7)-Release to Pivot (RTP)
  • ATIS-1000667.2002(R2007) — Intelligent Network

2.1.2 ATIS Technical Reports

  • T1-TR.11-1991 — A Technical Report on Switched Exchange-Access Network Traffic Availability Performance
  • T1-TR.16-1992 — A Technical Report on DS3 Transport for Contribution Application of System M-NTSC Television Signals Analog Interface and Performance Objectives
  • T1-TR-17-1993 — A Technical Report on the Effects of SONET on Payload Output Jitter
  • T1-TR-19-1993 — A Technical Report on Wireless Personal Communications: Transmission Performance Guidelines for Speech and Voiceband Data
  • T1-TR-22-1993 — A Technical Report on Privacy and Authentication Objectives for Wireless Access to Personal Communications
  • T1-TR-24-1993 — A Technical Report on Network Survivability Performance
  • T1-TR-25-1993 — A Technical Report on Test Patterns for DS1 Circuits
  • T1-TR-28-1994 — A Technical Report on High-Bit-Rate Digital Subscriber Lines (HDSL)
  • T1-TR-30-1994 — A Technical Report on UPT Numbering and Addressing in World Zone 1
  • T1-TR-31-1994 — A Technical Report on Delay and Echo Performance Guidelines for SONET Self-Healing Rings During Diversity Routing
  • T1-TR-34-1994 — A Technical Report on Network Capabilities, Architectures, and Interfaces for Personal Communications
  • T1-TR-37-1994 — A Technical Report on Line Break Detection (LBD)
  • T1-TR-38-1994 — A Technical Report on Analysis of FCC-Reportable Service Outage Data
  • T1-TR-39-1995 — A Technical Report on Termination Devices for Digital Data at 64 kbit/s and Subrates
  • T1-TR-41-1995 — A Technical Report on UPT Routing for the Networks Served by the North American Numbering Plan
  • T1-TR-44-1995 — A Technical Report on Security Management Guidelines to Support PCS
  • T1-TR-46-1996 — A Technical Report on Transmission Performance Standards Issues Regarding the Introduction of ATM Technology into Networks Supporting Voiceband Services

2.2 ASC X9 References

The following documents were developed by the American Bankers Association (ABA) Accredited Standards Committee X9 on Financial Services;

  • X9.5 — Financial Institution Numbering System, 1994
  • X9.8 — Personal Identification Number (PIN) Management and Security, 1995
  • X9.9 — Financial Institution Message Authentication, 1994
  • X9.15 — Specifications for Financial Message Exchange Between Card Acceptor and Acquirer, 1996
  • X9.17 — Financial Institution Key Management, 1995
  • X9.19 — Financial Institution Retail Message Authentication, 1996
  • X9.23 — Encryption of Wholesale Financial Messages, 1999
  • X9.24 — Financial Services Retail Key Management, 1998
  • X9.26 — Financial Institution Sign-On Authentication for Wholesale Financial Services, 1990
  • X9.30-1 and 30-2 — Public Key Cryptography Using Irreversible Algorithms, 1997
  • X9.31 — Digital Signatures Using Reversible Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services Industry, 1998
  • X9.49 — Secure Remote Access to Financial Services for the Financial Industry, 1998
  • X9.52 — Triple Data Encryption Algorithm Modes of Operation, 1998
  • X9.57 — Public Key Cryptography for the Financial Services Industry, Certificate Management, 1997

2.3 ISO-IEC References

  • 7498-2 — Information processing systems – Open Systems Interconnection – Basic Reference Model – Part 2: Security Architecture, 1989
  • 10181-1 — Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Security frameworks for open systems: Overview, 1996-08-01
  • 10181-2 — Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Security frameworks for open systems: Authentication framework, 1996-05-15
  • 10181-3 — Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Security frameworks for open systems: Access control framework, 1996-09-15
  • 10181-7 — Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Security frameworks for open systems: Security audit and alarms framework, 1996-08-01

2.4 IEEE References

  • POSIX.0 1003.0-1995 — Guide to the POSIX® Open System Environment (OSE)”, IEEE Computer Society
  • POSIX.6 1003.6 — Security Interface Standards for POSIX®, **Redesignated 1003.1e and 1003.2c., IEEE Computer Society

2.5 Government References

  • TCSEC — DoD Standard 5200.28, Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria, Dec 1985
  • ITSEC — Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria ( ITSEC ) Ver 1.2, Department of Trade and Industry, London, June 1991

2.6 Other References

  • CESG — CESG Memorandum No.1, Issue 1.2, Glossary of Security Terminology, October 1992
  • ECMATR46 — ECMA Technical Report TR/46, Security in Open Systems – A Security Framework, July 1988