zero-bit insertion

: A bit-stuffing technique used with bit-oriented protocols to ensure that six consecutive “1” bits never appear between the two flags that define the beginning and the ending of a transmission frame. Note: When five consecutive “1” bits occur in any part of the frame other than the beginning and ending flag, the sending station inserts an extra “0” bit. When the receiving station detects five “1” bits followed by a “0” bit, it removes the extra “0” bit, thereby restoring the bit stream to its original value. Synonyms zero insertion, zero stuffing.